Session 01: Geriatric Care
Geriatric Care is nothing but the process of planning and coordinating the care of the elderly with physical and mental impairments to meet their long term needs, improve their quality of life, and maintain their independence for as long as possible. The comprehensive assessment consists of primary intake assessment which includes Demographic type data as well as a Health history, Social history, and Legal/financial history. From there, a medication profile assessment is included, as well as an assessment of ADLs (Activities of Daily Living) and IADLs (Instrumental Activities of Daily Living). In addition other assessments may include Falls risk assessment, Home safety assessment, Nutritional assessment, Depression assessment, Pain assessment, Mini Cog Clock Drawing Exam (Cognitive Assessment), Balance assessment, and Gait assessment(ability to walk). If the comprehensive geriatric care management assessment is being conducted by a Registered Nurse, then a physical assessment can be included such as vital signs recording temperature, pulse, respirations, blood pressure, oxygen saturation, and sometimes FBS or RBS (Fasting or Random Blood Sugar) checks for diabetics. In addition, physical assessments in areas such as cardiopulmonary, gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal, genitourinary, eyes/ears/nose/throat, integumentary (skin), lower extremities inspection, as well as a modified neuro assessment and medication compliance assessment.
Session 02: Geriatrics Eye Care
Though problems with the eyes and vision can occur at any age, but are more common in seniors. Poor vision can result in restricted mobility at a time of life when staying active is crucial to maintain health and quality of life Eye diseases like cataract, Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD), glaucoma, Dry eyes, Posterior Vitreous Detachment (PVD) and floaters, Presbyopia are more common in the elderly, if left untreated can cause genuine vision misfortune and visual deficiency. Comorbidities like diabetes, high blood pressure, and cardiovascular disease increase the risk of age-related eye diseases. Here are some sure preventive estimates like Regular eye exams, Maintain normal blood pressure, cholesterol and glucose levels, use of prescribed and protective glasses, adopting healthy lifestyle, abstaining smoking, avoiding falls and Eye injuries.
Session 03: Mental Illness in Geriatrics
Mental health is essential to overall health and well-being, it must be recognized and treated in older adults, with the same urgency as physical health.The most common conditions of mental health in elderly include dementia, anxiety, severe cognitive impairment, and mood disorders (such as depression or bipolar disorder). Geriatric Psychiatrists play an vital role in the treatment of disorders that occur in elderly. Psychologists provide services to older adults in a variety of settings, including healthcare facilities, community-based private or group practices, and places where older adults reside-in their homes, long-term care, and assisted-living facilities, and hospices. Psychologists collaborate with a variety of Professionals, including medical and other mental health care services providers, to ensure comprehensive care.
Session 04: Geriatrics Heart Health
Heart disease is a major threat to senior health and the No.1 cause of death. Heart failure, heart attack, irregular heartbeat, coronary artery disease, and atrial fibrillation are common reasons for health visits and Hospital stays. Normal aging causes your heart and blood vessels to stiffen, which can lead to these conditions in later years. For people older than 75, high blood pressure is the most common heart condition. Coronary artery disease and heart failure are next. For a better heart health, one should eat a healthy diet, minimize stress, reduce alcohol intake, and quit smoking etc., so that in the growing age the chances of getting heart disease might be less.
Session 05: Geriatric Nursing
Geriatric Nursing is a comprehensive source for clinical information and management advice relating to the care of older adults. Geriatric nurses are some of the most important Professionals in this field, specially trained to be able to perform traditional nursing duties with unique needs.A geriatric nurse should be responsible for –
measuring and recording vital signs
exercising and massaging patients
watching for signs of elder abusetran sporting patients to doctor’s visits and other appointments andhelping patients with their daily needs, such as bathing, dressing, and using the bathroom.Geriatric nurses are often employed at healthcare facilities such as hospitals and clinics. They also work in residential care facilities, like nursing homes and retirement communities.Some geriatric nurses also work in home healthcare, traveling to patient's homes to care for them there.Geriatric nurses should be generally upbeat and cheerful people.They should also be patient, understanding, empathetic, and Compassionate, with a true desire to work with aging patients because the main motto of it is to provide a allover care to Geriatrics.
Session 06: Bone Health in Geriatrics
As we age, our bodies go through a number of changes that make it difficult for us to get around as easily as we once could. Seniors may also become less mobile as a result of bone diseases such as Osteoporosis. Some bone problems that occur in old age are Paget’s disease, Rheumatoid arthritis, Osteoporosis. Uniquely expanded bone resorption prompts the underlying fall in bone mineral thickness. With expanding age, there is likewise a huge decrease in the bone arrangement. This is for the most part because of a move from osteoblast genesis to dominating adipogenesis in the bone marrow, which likewise has a impact that influences lattice development and mineralization.
Session 07: Geriatric Endocrinology & Diabetes
Critical advances in prosperity and social success have provoked direct gains in the future and running with augmentation in the weight forced by age-related morbidities. Complex alterations in hormonal systems that control homeostasis and survival may underlie this poor change in accordance with later life. Both the menopause and Sub-clinical thyroid illness demonstrate the inconvenience in pivoting endocrine changes in later life. In maturity (60– 65 years old), Diabetes mellitus is turning into a disturbing general medical problem. Among the elderly populace, type 2 diabetes is a developing issue, and a greater degree of as of late dissected diabetics is more seasoned.
Adult hypopituitarism, Hypothyroidism, osteoporosis, diabetes mellitus, adrenal insufficiency, various forms of hypogonadism, and endocrine malignancies are all more frequent in old age.
Session 08: Elder Abuse
Many kinds of elder abuse are recognized as kinds of Domestic violence or Family violence since they are committed by relations. Paid caregivers have additionally been acknowledged to kill their older patients. Abuse will happen to anyone no matter the person's age, sex, race, religion, or ethnic or cultural background. Each year, hundreds of thousands of adults over the age of 60 are abused, neglected, or financially exploited. Most victims of abuse are women, but some are men. Likely targets are older those that haven't any family or friends nearby and people with disabilities, memory issues, or dementia.